• Image 1
  • Image 2
  • Image 3
  • Image 4

Very Rare! Civil War Union 100-pounder Parrott Artillery Shell from Fort Fisher, NC

$1,650.00 $1,100.00
(You save $550.00)

Product Description

This is a rare Civil War artillery shell being offered, it is a Union 100-pounder Parrott shell. The projectile was manufactured in the Federal arsenals following development of Parrott's patent. The sabot, referred to as "type II", utilized a thin wide brass band which was softer and more flexible than wrought iron, secured to the base with 10 rabbets. However performance was poor, the thin soft brass sabot either failed to take the rifling or had a tendency to separate on firing, resulting in shards of brass flying into the backs of the forward infantry.

However for large caliber guns, fired from ships or forts, flying sabots were less of a problem and this pattern of sabot became the primary convention for siege guns. Bottom is plugged with a rivet protruding from the bottom (see pictures).

The shell was cast with an open hole in the base, through which a rod was placed to hold the core during casting. After casting the rod was removed and replaced with a drive in plug, this was done while the casting was still hot. On cooling the hole would shrink thus securing the bottom plug. This "short" pattern may have been designed to be able utilize case shot, but it appears that most were configured with percussion fuses and full powder charge. The high band brass sabot was separated on firing. This shell was an early recovery from Fort Fisher, North Carolina and was probably fired from one of the ships which were firing on the Confederate fort.

In December 1864, Union Major General Benjamin Butler, together with the Expeditionary Corps of the Army of the James, was detached from the Virginia Theater for an amphibious mission to capture Fort Fisher. He was joined by Rear Admiral David Dixon Porter who commanded Union naval forces already in the region.

After being informed about the large Union army heading toward Wilmington, General Lee ordered Major General Robert Hoke's Division to Fort Fisher. Also, Hoke took command of all Confederate forces in the Wilmington area.

The Union attack started on December 24, 1864 with a naval bombardment. The firepower of Fort Fisher was temporarily silenced because some of its gun positions exploded. This allowed the Navy to land Union infantry. The landing force was intercepted by the arrival of Hoke's troops. The Union attack was effectively thwarted, and on December 27 Benjamin Butler ordered the withdrawal of his 1,000 soldiers who were still on the beach. This was in defiance of Grant's orders, which were to besiege the fort if the assault failed. Because Butler disobeyed his orders, he was relieved of command by Grant.

Due to its early recovery this shell is in very nice condition with no real chipping or flaking. As with most of these large shells, the fuse and sabot are gone, this is why the shell survived by not being blown up. It has a diameter of 6.4” and weighs about 85 pounds. I have a Parrott 10-pounder pictured next to this shell to see the difference. It is disarmed with no powder and 100% safe. Shipping this shell would be difficult, so I would need it picked up or I might be able to bring it within a reasonable destination (please email me first to discuss this). These large shells are almost impossible to find anymore. They really make a statement with any Civil War collection.

Product Reviews

Write Review

This product hasn't received any reviews yet. Be the first to review this product!

Quantity:
SKU:
0705162
Shipping:
$100.00 (Fixed shipping cost)