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US/CS 12-pounder Cannonball recovered at Winchester, VA Battlefield


Product Description

This is another nice piece being offered, it is a Civil War 12-pounder cannon ball. This is the most common solid shot projectile of any caliber used during the Civil War by both the Federal and Confederate forces. The ball would be secured to a wooden cup sabot by two crossed iron straps nailed to the wooden cup. The cartridge bag or powder bag was tied to the groove cut into the base of the sabot.

After attachment of the powder charge, the round was referred to as fixed ammunition. The 12-pounder Napoleon smoothbore cannon (see pictures) firing a 12-pound solid shot with 2.5 pounds of service charge at five degrees elevation had a range of 1,680 yards. This ball was recovered years ago in Winchester, Virginia.

Winchester was a strategic prize of great importance during the Civil War. In Confederate hands, on excellent roads to the north and east, it was a serious threat to the supply lines of the Union armies trying to reach Richmond – the heart of the Confederacy. In the hands of the Union army, Winchester made Confederate raids and invasion of the north risky and opened a protected avenue for Union troop movements south through a valley from which they could attack on the flanks and rear of Lee’s main armies.

Thus, Winchester and Frederick County became the scene of six battles during the Civil War, and the city itself changed flags around seventy times during the four-year conflict; it is said thirteen times in one day. General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson demonstrated his military leadership in the Valley Campaign. Winchester was familiar to him not only as a military objective, but also as his home during the winter of 1861-1862. Here he enjoyed the companionship of his wife for the last winter together.

This cannonball is in dug condition with just the typical surface ground pitting, but  stable and no flaking. It has been lightly coated for preservation and is now ready for display. In my book “Civil War Artillery – A Pictorial Introduction”, I go into more detail about these cannonballs and the guns that fired them.

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$12.50 (Fixed shipping cost)