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  • Adams Express
  • Hilton Head, SC
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Rare Adams Express Document of a soldier in the 47th New York Infantry


Product Description

This is a very rare document being offered, it is a printed receipt for Adams Express Company's "Army and Soldiers Package Express." From the New York office, 1 Feb. 1862. One package for Daniel Moran, Co. I, 47th NY Vols. in Hilton Head, Port Royal, SC. It measures 5 ½” x 8 ½”.

Adams Express became a household (and battlefield) name during the Civil War (see period photo). In 1845 the government ruled that only the U.S. post office could carry letters for a fee, but Adams shipped just about anything else through its offices. Both armies expressed money to pay the soldiers. Arms, uniforms and flags were shipped from factories and supply depots. Soldiers sent packets of money home for family upkeep and received packages from home, even bodies of fallen soldiers were expressed home.

Daniel Moran enlisted in late summer, 1861 in the 47th New York Infantry, the "Washington Grays," (a problematic name once the Confederate butternut became known as "gray"). It was one of the three-year units enlisted to replace the many 100-day units that were organized after the attack on Fort Sumter. They mustered into service on 14 Sept. and left the following day for Washington.

In October they were sent to Hilton Head where they remained until the new year when they left to participate in operations at Port Royal, returning after to Hilton Head. The unit spent most of the war in the Carolinas, being sent to various other operations, such as Fort Wagner, Palatka, Bermuda Hundred, Cold Harbor, Fort Fisher and more, but usually based in Hilton Head. If Moran was like most soldiers, and I am sure he was, the package was likely requests from home - socks, writing paper, stamps, etc.

On January 1,1864 Private Moran was transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps. The 47th New York didn’t do well with the extreme weather of South Carolina, compared to New York. During their service they had 160 men die by disease. This document is in very nice condition, only having a small split at the bottom. A very rare and interesting piece that would go great with a display of a soldier’s personal effects. A copy of Moran’s record and the 47th NY will be included.

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$7.50 (Fixed shipping cost)