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10-Pounder Parrott Case-Shot Half Shell dug Culpeper, VA, ex-Peter George collection (ON HOLD,BH)

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Product Description

This is another nice piece being offered, it is a 10-Pounder Parrott Case-Shot Half Shell. It is cast iron with wrought iron ring sabot, having lead case-shot in black pitch matrix. It has the Parrott zinc fuze plug for paper time fuze. The complete shell was recovered in Culpeper County, Virginia.

General Robert E. Lee drove out General Pope from Culpeper County during the Second Manassas Campaign (1862), and the county remained Lee's favored staging area for the remainder of the war. He selected Culpeper for his winter quarters after the Maryland Campaign and the Battle of Antietam in September 1862, and a portion of his army occupied the county following the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862.

Lee launched the Gettysburg Campaign from Culpeper, though not before his cavalry, under J. E. B. Stuart, faced off against Union troopers at Brandy Station in the largest cavalry battle of the war, in June 1863. Lee returned to Culpeper following Gettysburg and would have wintered there had not the Union Army of the Potomac pushed him out in September. Lee returned the favor a month later by ousting the Union troops, only to be expelled himself in the Battle of Rappahannock Station (1863).

Culpeper remained mostly in Union hands thereafter. The Army of the Potomac wintered there from November 1863 until May 1864, when General Grant embarked on the Overland Campaign. The momentum of war then gravitated toward Richmond and Petersburg, and Culpeper saw only occasional Union raiding parties, the largest one sweeping through the community in December 1864.

The complete shell was professionally cut in half to expose its inner materials. Visible in the cross-section of this half is the fuse plug, lead case-shot balls, black pitch matrix, powder train, bursting charge cavity (tin can) and iron sabot. In my book “Civil War Artillery – A Pictorial Introduction”, I show examples of half shells (see pictures).

This half shell has been in Peter George’s personal collection for over 35 years. Mr. George, co-authored "Field Artillery Projectiles of the American Civil War" and is one of the leading experts on artillery of the Civil War. These half shells not only are excellent display pieces and educational tools but are great additions to just about any Civil War Artillery or general Civil War collection.

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