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  • Massachusetts Recruiting Broadside
  • Soldier's Monument, Chelsea
  • Battle of Antietam
  • 35th Massachusetts monument, Burnside Bridge, Antietam

Original Massachusetts Enlistment/Bounty document for soldier killed at Antietam

$175.00

Product Description

This is another rare piece being offered, it is an original Enlistment and Bounty document for Charles E. Dam mustering into the 35th Massachusetts Infantry. It is titled “Mayor’s Office, City Hall, Chelsea Apr 6, 1862”. It is a light blue paper having the Chelsea City seal and an embossed watermark. It is signed by the mayor of Chelsea, Charles Dam and a witness. It states that Dam received $100.00 and a bounty for enlisting.

To guarantee a certain number of troops during the Civil War the federal government set quotas of soldiers to be enlisted from each state. The state in turn divided the number by the population of townships, boroughs, etc. and set a quota for each to fill. If enough volunteers enlisted to fill a local quota a county draft wasn’t used.

19-year old Charles signed his papers ahead of time, which was common to secure his bounty payment, but didn’t report for duty until July 21, 1862. On August 9, he mustered into Company C of the 35th Massachusetts Infantry.

The 35th Massachusetts was organized at Boston and Chelsea, trained at Camp Stanton from August 1–22, 1862, and mustered in for three-year service on August 28, 1862 under the command of Colonel Edward A. Wild. The regiment was attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IX Corps, Army of the Potomac.

In September the 35th had their “Baptism of Fire” at the Battle of South Mountain, where Colonel Wild was wounded. Major Sumner Carruth would take command as they fought at the Battle of Antietam on September 17th. After the fighting at Burnside’s Bridge, the 35th advanced up the slope toward the village of Sharpsburg when Private Dam was severely wounded. When Burnside’s line was counterattacked by A.P. Hill they were caught in a deadly crossfire. Fighting until out of ammunition, the 35th Massachusetts fell back, losing 214 casualties, of whom 79 were killed. The monument to the 35th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Antietam is on the east side of Antietam Creek at Burnside’s Bridge (see pictures).

Two members of the 35th received the Medal of Honor at Antietam. Sergeant Marcus M. Haskell (also in Company C), while he himself was wounded, rescued a badly wounded comrade and carried him to safety under heavy fire (could this be Pvt. Dam?). Private Frank M. Whitman of Company G saved the lives of several comrades and was among the last to leave the field.

Because of his serious wounds, Charles was sent home to Chelsea where he died on Dec. 27th and buried at the Garden Cemetery, Chelsea, Massachusetts. His name is also on the Civil War monument in Chelsea (see pictures).

The document has two folds and on the reverse in period brown ink is “Chas E. Dam / 18”. This historic piece is in beautiful condition, no tears or separations and very clear. It comes in a hard-plastic display sleeve. Record on Charles Dam included. 

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SKU:
0906191
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